Category Archives: Royal College of Art

Family histories and interwar black history

As our recent blog post shows, our contact with Nyay Bhushan, the great grandson of Vasu Deva Sharma, has been a fantastic opportunity for us to find out about Sharma’s migratory history and learn more about Sharma’s experiences of life as a Royal College of Art student in interwar London. We’ve created a select list of students and artist’s models all based in London during the period we are researching. If you have any information, no matter how small, about any of these individuals or the artworks they created please feel free to contact us at equianocentre@ucl.ac.uk

Students from Africa and Asia at London-based art schools:

  • Egyptian student Aimee Nimr at Slade School of Fine Art School of Fine Art during 1919
  • Nigerian student Aina Onabolu at St. John’s Wood Art School during 1922
  • Indian student Meher Bomansha Dalal at the Slade School of Fine Art School of Fine Art during 1923
  • Egyptian student A. Hafez at Royal College of Art during 1923
  • Egyptian student H.Z. Kassem at Royal College of Art during 1923
  • Indian student U.S. Choudhry at Royal College of Art during 1923
  • Indian student Vasu D. Sharma at Royal College of Art during 1923
  • Indian student Mukul Dey at Royal College of Art during 1923
  • Indian student Atul Chandra Bose at the Royal Academy during 1924-1926
  • Egyptian student A. A. Yousef at Slade School of Fine Art during 1928 then Royal College of Art during 1933
  • Indian student S.D. Chavda at Slade School of Fine Art in 1936-1937
  • Indian student  V.S. Adurkar at Slade School of Fine Art in 1936-37
  • Indian student G.B Bandivdekhar at Slade School of Fine Art during 1937-38
  • Indian student J.D Gondhalekar at Slade School of Fine Art during 1937-8
  • Indian student Indumati Sathé at Slade School of Fine Art during 1937-39
  • Indian student M.S. Satwalekar at Slade School of Fine Art during 1938-39
  • Egyptian student Bothina El Nahry, student at Hornsey Art School and then Slade School of Fine Art during 1939

Students who painted, sculpted or drew portraits of African and Asian individuals during their studies:

  • Ivy Mackusick – studied at the Slade School of Fine Art during 1919
  • William Ian Brinkworth – studied at the Slade School of Fine Art from 1933 until 1936.
  • Leila Ethel Dean Leigh –  studied at the Slade School of Fine Art between 1932 and 1938
  • Ann Margaret Tooth – studied at the Slade School of Fine Art during the 1930s
  • John Innes – studied at the Slade School of Fine Art from 1936 to 1939

Artist’s models of African, Caribbean and Asian heritage

  • Rebecca and Esther (no current information on second name) –  sisters who were of Black and Jewish mixed heritage who sat for artist Jacob Epstein
  • Amina Peerbhoy (Sunita) and Miriam Patel (Anita) –  sisters from India who sat for artist Jacob Epstein
  • Ladipo  (no current information on second name) –  West African artist’s model and boyfriend of artist Donald Friend during the 1930s
  • Patrick Nelson – Jamaican man living in London during the late 1930s – friend, boyfriend for a short time, and artist’s model for Duncan Grant
  • Harry Quashi – actor living in Britain during the 1930s, artist’s model

Searching for Sharma

A couple of months ago we were contacted by Nyay Bhushan, a film maker and photographer in India who had heard of our project from the Royal College of Art archivist Neil Parkinson. I had recently carried out research at the RCA archives exploring documents relating to Indian students who were based at the college in the 1920s and 1930s and Neil suggested that Nyay Bhushan might want to contact us. Nyay’s research project on his great grandfather Vasu Deva Sharma is fascinating and he has kindly produced a blog post for the December entry of The Equiano Centre’s Black Presence blog explaining a bit about his great grandfather’s life and the research he is carrying out. I have cross-posted it here below.

Searching for Sharma: Vasu Deva Sharma, an Indian student at the Royal College of Art, 1923

by Nyay Bhushan

Vasu Deva Sharma in 1920s Berlin. Photograph courtesy of Nyay Bhushan

Vasu Deva Sharma in 1920s Berlin. Photograph courtesy of Nyay Bhushan

My great grand-father, Vasu Deva Sharma, studied at the Royal College of Art and graduated in 1923 with a diploma in decorative painting. Based in Lahore (then in undivided India, now in Pakistan), he was a professor of drawing and was offered an RCA scholarship. He was 39 years old when he sailed from Bombay (Mumbai) on the ship Kaisar-I-Hind on the P&O line arriving in London on September 25th 1920 (thanks to Gemma Romain for sourcing this information from The National Archives, UK – Incoming Passenger Lists, 1878-1960).

After his graduation, he travelled across Europe (France, Germany, Scandinavia, Greece and Italy) to study and practise art in various cities before he returned to India.

One of my project aims is to look for any surviving paintings and artworks related to my great-grandfather. The only document I have is his RCA student file which gives details about his progress as a student; the file also mentions his brief study visits to some provincial UK colleges but their names are not given.

From my initial inquiries at the RCA, they don’t seem to have any other records or artworks related to Vasu Deva Sharma except for the graduation photo of the class of 1923, a recent and rare find for my project (special thanks to Neil Parkinson at RCA who also referred me to Drawing Over the Colour Line). Among his fellow graduates were Henry Moore and Barbara Hepworth along with Indian students Uday Shankar Choudhary and Mukul Dey.

Royal College of Art 1922-23 Convocation photograph, highlighting Vasu Deva Sharma. Courtesy of the Royal College of Art archive.

Royal College of Art 1922-23 Convocation photograph, highlighting Vasu Deva Sharma. Courtesy of the Royal College of Art archive.

 

Our family archives have a rare photo of Vasu Deva Sharma which was taken at a photo studio in Berlin, sometime in the mid to late 1920s. The picture is by a photographer named Karl Alexander Berg with his studio address at Joachimstaler Strasse. Looking at the stamp under the photograph one can see that Berg was appointed to a German court, without any indication which court this might be.

Another very significant point of interest is the connection between then RCA president Sir William Rothenstein (from 1920-35) and Indian art. Rothenstein took a keen interest in Mughal Painting and in 1910 established an India Society to educate the British public about Indian arts.

After Vasu Deva Sharma’s return to India in the late 1920s, he practised art in Lahore and was a professor at Chief’s College. He was also commissioned by some Indian royal families for portraits, such as the royals of Chamba (in North India).

From whatever family history I have researched, I am told that Rothenstein travelled again to India in 1944 and visited my great-grandfather at his mansion in Lahore which also housed his studio and artworks.

Vasu Deva Sharma passed away in 1946, a year before the partition of India and Pakistan following the end of British rule. His surviving family members, including his only son – my grand-father – and my father, were forced to flee Lahore in the wake of the partition riots and could not take his artworks and other belongings which were left behind in the mansion.

One of my main project aims is to look for any surviving artworks which could be in the UK, Europe, Pakistan and India.

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Nyay Bhushan is an award-winning fine-art photographer and film-maker based in New Delhi. In addition to researching more about his family legacy, the project also offers transmedia opportunities, from a film documentary to an exhibition. To find out more about his work or to make contact with information about Sharma, please visit http://www.nyaybhushan.com